In the Ottoman Empire time, there wasn’t any trace of the supreme court untill 19.th century. The first court of Appeal which was called “Divan-ı Ahkam-ı Adliye “ was founded during the reign of Abdülaziz on March 6, 1868. The first president of the supreme court was Ahmet Cevdet Pasha ,the governor of Halep who put great effort for its foundation. Two third of the members of the court were from muslim communities. The others were minority.
(non muslim communities)
The name of the supreme court “Divan-ı Ahkam-ı Adliye” was changed to “Mahkeme-i Temyiz” by the act of courts